QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
The purity of the gold and the quality of the gold are two different factors that people often get confused over. Hallmark gold and KDM gold are the two types of gold that usually leads to some confusion. The two types of gold are considerably different with regards to their composition. The KDM gold has a purity level of 92%, where the gold is a mixture of 8% of cadmium and 92% of gold. Since there are some health risks associated with KDM gold, it is no longer in sale in the market. On the other hand, Hallmark gold has a certification by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The Hallmark gold is testes in assaying centers approved by the BIS. There are four varieties of hallmark gold: 23 karat, 22 karat, 21 karat and 18 karat. The purity of the gold is directly proportional to the karat rate. The higher the karat rate, the higher the purity.
If there was another indicator to measure wealth in the world, barring currency, it would be gold. It is one of the nine noble metals, but gold’s value in the economy surpasses that of its counterparts. But the exploration and extraction of gold is a slow-moving, laborious process.
However, this metal still has a readily available market across the globe, which increases its liquidity, thereby making it an ideal asset. Owners of gold articles have the freedom to convert them into cash with ease.
Moreover, gold is a luxury good, which means that people purchase it in larger quantities when their income rises. Therefore, this yellow metal generally exhibits a steady increase due to high demand and inadequate supply, especially in a country like India. Most free-market economies of the world use gold reserves to hedge against inflation. As a result, this metal possesses an intrinsic value in the global economy as well.
Karat is the term that is used internationally to indicate the purity of the gold. The karat rate is directly proportional to the purity of the gold. As the karat increases, so does the purity of the gold. The difference between a 24 karat, 22 karat and 18 karat golds are explained below. The 24 karat gold is the purest form of gold that is available. Because of its purity, rather than using it to make jewelry, it is used for investment purposes. The 24 karat gold exists in the form of gold coins or gold bars. The 24 karat gold is followed by the 22 karat gold which is used to make jewelry. The 22 karat gold is a mixture of gold with alloys such as zinc, nickel, or silver. These alloys make the gold harder and fit to be fashioned into jewelry. The purity of the 22 karat gold is 91.67% pure. The 18 karat gold is the cheapest gold that exists. It is a mixture of 75% gold and 25% alloys.
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