The purity of the gold and the quality of the gold are two different factors that people often get confused over. Hallmark gold and KDM gold are the two types of gold that usually leads to some confusion. The two types of gold are considerably different with regards to their composition. The KDM gold has a purity level of 92%, where the gold is a mixture of 8% of cadmium and 92% of gold. Since there are some health risks associated with KDM gold, it is no longer in sale in the market. On the other hand, Hallmark gold has a certification by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The Hallmark gold is testes in assaying centers approved by the BIS. There are four varieties of hallmark gold: 23 karat, 22 karat, 21 karat and 18 karat. The purity of the gold is directly proportional to the karat rate. The higher the karat rate, the higher the purity.
Gold is one of the most valuable metals known to humankind, and it can be used for multiple purposes. Besides, making jewellery, gold is also commonly used to avail funds during a financial crunch.
Thus, it is vital to measure the purity of gold to make the most of its equity. Following are some of the ways.
It constitutes one of the most common ways to determine the quality and purity of gold. Denoted by “K”, this measurement system depends on a scale that ranges from 0 to 24. For instance, a god article of 1 Karat means that that particular gold item consists of 1 part of gold and 23 parts of other metals or alloys. It also means, the closer to 24K, the purer the gold.
Most gold articles, including jewellery, come with an inscription called “hallmark” that carries the symbol of gold purity, its fineness, date of manufacturing, etc. Most countries, including India, have mandated gold jewellers to carry the BIS hallmark.
Besides these, most traders use conventional acid test or use an electronic gold tester to determine gold purity accurately.
Irrespective of the method, assessing gold purity is essential for both buyers and traders.
QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
The implementation of GST has particularly affected the prices of commodities like gold.
Effect of GST on Gold Prices
As per the new tax structure, the GST on gold is set at 3% for both finished and unfinished products, which will be paid by the end consumer.
Apart from this, the tax regime also levies an additional 5% on making charges of gold jewellery. The additional charges have upshot the price of gold as there were no making charges in the previous taxation system. This rate is, however, a revised version which was initially set at 18%. The initial GST on making charges would have affected the prices of the finished products massively since end-consumers had to bear all the expenses. However, the 3% GST, the 10% import duty, and 5% making charges have made the yellow metal’s price increase by 0.75%.
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