Gold holds an impeccable value in terms of quantifying one’s wealth as well as for investment. Thus, judging the quality and purity of gold is of utmost importance, both for buyers and for traders.
Primarily, the gold’s purity is determined through the Karat system that measures the same on a scale from 0 to 24. For instance, a 24 karats gold jewellery contains 100% gold. On the other hand, in a 14K gold jewellery, the percentage of gold is 58.33%, and the rest is other metal or alloy.
The gold purity can be measured both by percentage and parts per thousand. However, to convert the Karat into a percentage, one needs to divide the Karat number by 24 and then multiply it by 100.
Another easy way to determine gold’s purity is by checking the hallmark stamp on gold jewellery. This hallmark includes the authorised logo, date of manufacturing, carat weight or fineness of the gold in question. In several countries, including India, it is mandatory to sell gold jewellery with hallmark stamp.
Lastly, the traders generally use an electronic gold tester to measure the quality and purity of gold. It shows the result accurately within seconds.
GST or Goods and Services Tax came into effect on 1st July 2017 by subsuming the repetitive tax structure of the previous regime and bringing transparency and accountability in the taxation system.
The implementation of this new tax regime has left a considerable effect on the prices of several commodities, of which gold accrues enormous importance due to its national and international demand.
Under the new tax regime, the GST on gold was fixed at 3% with an additional 8% tax on the making charges and import duty of 10%. Later, the making charges tax was revised and reduced to 5%. As a whole, the yellow metal has become expensive by 0.75% in the post-GST era.
A primary reason that accounts for the rising gold price is 10% import duty. However, traders have managed to evade that by importing gold from countries like South Korea, with which India shares the Free Trade Agreement.
In its history of more than 3000 years, never has the value of gold dipped below zero. It has always remained a valuable commodity in the face of the Earth. Gold is a nice option to invest your funds in. Its value not only has remained relatively consistent throughout history, but the demand for it has also been steadily rising. If you are looking to get high returns on your investments, gold is the answer. People also move towards gold whenever recessions occur. In that case, it functions as a hedge against the fluctuations in the market. It is one of the most liquid assets in the world. It can be sold or placed as collateral to obtain funds in return. It is also very storage-friendly. Unlike dealing in the stock market, dealing in gold or identifying its value or quality doesn’t require much skill or expertise as the purity of the gold is also always certified by the seller.
QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
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