Gold is one of the most precious metals that do not corrode with time. Thus, from time immemorial, gold has been used to make jewellery and as a substitute to currency. Therefore, it is imperative to assess the gold’s purity to derive its actual value.
Following are some of the most commonly used methods to determine gold’s purity.
Individuals need to check gold purity before buying or selling.
Karat is the term that is used internationally to indicate the purity of the gold. The karat rate is directly proportional to the purity of the gold. As the karat increases, so does the purity of the gold. The difference between a 24 karat, 22 karat and 18 karat golds are explained below. The 24 karat gold is the purest form of gold that is available. Because of its purity, rather than using it to make jewelry, it is used for investment purposes. The 24 karat gold exists in the form of gold coins or gold bars. The 24 karat gold is followed by the 22 karat gold which is used to make jewelry. The 22 karat gold is a mixture of gold with alloys such as zinc, nickel, or silver. These alloys make the gold harder and fit to be fashioned into jewelry. The purity of the 22 karat gold is 91.67% pure. The 18 karat gold is the cheapest gold that exists. It is a mixture of 75% gold and 25% alloys.
Gold derives this value from several factors, some of which are listed below:
Gold, in its elemental form, is a relatively hefty atom. Although it is not the rarest of metals, it isn’t easy to find and extract gold in large quantities. This contributes to its high perceived value.
Gold is a highly coveted metal in a county like India. So, it generally enjoys a high demand all year round, but its supply falls short to meet that. As a result, gold prices tend to increase with time.
One of gold’s many attractive aspects is its liquidity. Gold has an active, reliable and a ready market of buyers at almost all times. As a result, it can be readily converted to cash, which makes it a highly liquid asset.
It is universally accepted as a commodity of value, especially under a free market system. Gold reserves ensure the strength and stability of the currency and eliminate the pitfalls of fiat money.
When it comes to buying gold for jewellery or investment purposes, people often get confused about the purity and quality of the gold. The two most commonly confused types of gold are KDM gold and hallmark gold. KDM gold refers to the gold that is made by mixing cadmium with gold, where gold is 92% and cadmium 8%. This brings down the gold's purity level to 92%. However, of late, the production of KDM gold has stopped, due to the associated health risks. Hallmark gold is gold certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The test is conducted at the assaying centres approved by the BIS. Hallmark gold is available in four varieties:
Higher the carat, better the purity. Hence, depending on how you plan to use the gold, you may select the carat.
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