Gold is one of the most valuable metals known to humankind, and it can be used for multiple purposes. Besides, making jewellery, gold is also commonly used to avail funds during a financial crunch.
Thus, it is vital to measure the purity of gold to make the most of its equity. Following are some of the ways.
It constitutes one of the most common ways to determine the quality and purity of gold. Denoted by “K”, this measurement system depends on a scale that ranges from 0 to 24. For instance, a god article of 1 Karat means that that particular gold item consists of 1 part of gold and 23 parts of other metals or alloys. It also means, the closer to 24K, the purer the gold.
Most gold articles, including jewellery, come with an inscription called “hallmark” that carries the symbol of gold purity, its fineness, date of manufacturing, etc. Most countries, including India, have mandated gold jewellers to carry the BIS hallmark.
Besides these, most traders use conventional acid test or use an electronic gold tester to determine gold purity accurately.
Irrespective of the method, assessing gold purity is essential for both buyers and traders.
Indians have traditionally used gold for investment purposes. Gold is considered a hedge against financial disruptions. However, when you want to sell gold for meeting urgent financial needs, you should be aware of how old gold jewellery is valued. The right knowledge would keep you safe against unscrupulous jewellers. To calculate the value of gold, you have to take it to the nearest assaying or testing laboratory and get its weight and purity tested. The centre certifies gold's purity in Karat or percentage. To calculate the value of the old gold jewellery by the Karat purity method, you have to multiply the gold's weight, purity, and gold rate and divide it by 24. To calculate the value of the old gold jewellery by the percentage purity method, you have to multiply the gold's weight, purity, and gold rate and divide it by 100.
Goods and Services Tax has unified the earlier payable taxes like Value Added Tax (VAT), Customs duty, Central Excise duty, etc., and the whole indirect tax structure has been brought under one umbrella.
GST on gold is levied when individuals opt for buying gold jewellery or bars. Individuals need to pay several taxes depending on the various processes involved in gold trading, manufacturing, and purchasing. To be precise, individuals need to pay GST of 5% on making charges, 10% on import duty and 3% on gold. However, the GST on making charges is a product of the new tax regime.
The new tax structure and implementation of several taxes have made gold expensive by 0.75%. Apart from the impact on gold prices, GST has stretched its effects on gold imports as well as across the organised and unorganised sectors, which are invariably linked with the increasing price of gold.
QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
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