Gold holds an impeccable value in terms of quantifying one’s wealth as well as for investment. Thus, judging the quality and purity of gold is of utmost importance, both for buyers and for traders.
Primarily, the gold’s purity is determined through the Karat system that measures the same on a scale from 0 to 24. For instance, a 24 karats gold jewellery contains 100% gold. On the other hand, in a 14K gold jewellery, the percentage of gold is 58.33%, and the rest is other metal or alloy.
The gold purity can be measured both by percentage and parts per thousand. However, to convert the Karat into a percentage, one needs to divide the Karat number by 24 and then multiply it by 100.
Another easy way to determine gold’s purity is by checking the hallmark stamp on gold jewellery. This hallmark includes the authorised logo, date of manufacturing, carat weight or fineness of the gold in question. In several countries, including India, it is mandatory to sell gold jewellery with hallmark stamp.
Lastly, the traders generally use an electronic gold tester to measure the quality and purity of gold. It shows the result accurately within seconds.
Goods and Services Tax has unified the earlier payable taxes like Value Added Tax (VAT), Customs duty, Central Excise duty, etc., and the whole indirect tax structure has been brought under one umbrella.
GST on gold is levied when individuals opt for buying gold jewellery or bars. Individuals need to pay several taxes depending on the various processes involved in gold trading, manufacturing, and purchasing. To be precise, individuals need to pay GST of 5% on making charges, 10% on import duty and 3% on gold. However, the GST on making charges is a product of the new tax regime.
The new tax structure and implementation of several taxes have made gold expensive by 0.75%. Apart from the impact on gold prices, GST has stretched its effects on gold imports as well as across the organised and unorganised sectors, which are invariably linked with the increasing price of gold.
When it comes to buying gold for jewellery or investment purposes, people often get confused about the purity and quality of the gold. The two most commonly confused types of gold are KDM gold and hallmark gold. KDM gold refers to the gold that is made by mixing cadmium with gold, where gold is 92% and cadmium 8%. This brings down the gold's purity level to 92%. However, of late, the production of KDM gold has stopped, due to the associated health risks. Hallmark gold is gold certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The test is conducted at the assaying centres approved by the BIS. Hallmark gold is available in four varieties:
Higher the carat, better the purity. Hence, depending on how you plan to use the gold, you may select the carat.
Gold derives this value from several factors, some of which are listed below:
Gold, in its elemental form, is a relatively hefty atom. Although it is not the rarest of metals, it isn’t easy to find and extract gold in large quantities. This contributes to its high perceived value.
Gold is a highly coveted metal in a county like India. So, it generally enjoys a high demand all year round, but its supply falls short to meet that. As a result, gold prices tend to increase with time.
One of gold’s many attractive aspects is its liquidity. Gold has an active, reliable and a ready market of buyers at almost all times. As a result, it can be readily converted to cash, which makes it a highly liquid asset.
It is universally accepted as a commodity of value, especially under a free market system. Gold reserves ensure the strength and stability of the currency and eliminate the pitfalls of fiat money.
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