Gold is universally acknowledged as a valuable commodity pertaining to its unique properties, such as:
Gold is available in limited quantities. The best estimates suggest that about 197,576 tonnes of gold have been mined throughout history. In fact, if every ounce of this gold is arranged in a cube, each side of this cube will only measure about 21 metres.
The price of gold tends to rise over time. This is because its demand is exceedingly high in countries India, but the supply is limited.
Gold is a highly liquid, non-consumable asset. Additionally, this metal retains an active market at almost all times. So, individuals can easily convert their gold to cash whenever they want.
It impacts economies in terms of contribution to foreign exchange and trade balance. Furthermore, gold is used as a reserve to hedge against inflation in most free-market economies globally.
QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
“Karat” is the internationally recognized term used to denote the purity and weight of gold. Higher the Karat, better the purity of gold.
1) 24 Karat: 24 Karat gold is the purest and most expensive form of gold found in the market. Owing to it’s pliability 24-Karat gold is not usually used to make jewellery and is instead used for investment purposes, in the form of coins or bars.
2) 22 Karat: 22 Karat gold is generally used in the jewellery industry. In this type, pure gold is mixed with several alloys like zinc, nickel, or silver to make the gold harder and fit for jewellery. Generally, 22 Karat gold is 91.67% pure.
3)18 Karat: 18 Karat gold is the gold that is prepared by mixing 75% gold with 25% other alloys. 18 Karat gold is the cheapest type of gold available in the market.
There are many micro and macroeconomic factors that determine the gold rates in India. Some of the factors that influence that gold rates are: gold production, inflation, government’s gold reserves, demand and supply of the gold commodity in the market, import rates, interest rates, taxes, local demand, etc. Since an unprecedented emergency is likely to arise at any moment, being a resident here, it is good to have an eye on the latest gold rates in cityname. The market price of the gold and the gold valuation offered by the lender is likely to vary. The lender calculates the average gold price of 22-Karat gold according to the rates from the past thirty dates. This is how the lender concludes on the gold gram rate. The value of the gold loan that you get is dependent on two factors – the average gold price and the lender’s LTV (loan to value) ratio. The RBI has also directed the lender to disburse up to 90% of the market value of the gold till March 31, 2021.
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