Gold has always been one of the most significant investment options for Indians. The high liquidity of gold and its consistent value makes it a popular option for investment purposes. It also acts as a hedge against fluctuations in the market. Gold can either be pledged in the form of a gold loan or it can be sold to meet urgent financial deficits. It pays to be aware of the value of gold to prevent unscrupulous activities by the lenders or jewelers. It is not very complicated to calculate the value of the gold. The weight and the purity of the gold will have to be tested at an assaying laboratory. There are two methods to calculate the purity of the gold. It can be denoted in percentage or in karat.
The purity of the gold and the quality of the gold are two different factors that people often get confused over. Hallmark gold and KDM gold are the two types of gold that usually leads to some confusion. The two types of gold are considerably different with regards to their composition. The KDM gold has a purity level of 92%, where the gold is a mixture of 8% of cadmium and 92% of gold. Since there are some health risks associated with KDM gold, it is no longer in sale in the market. On the other hand, Hallmark gold has a certification by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The Hallmark gold is testes in assaying centers approved by the BIS. There are four varieties of hallmark gold: 23 karat, 22 karat, 21 karat and 18 karat. The purity of the gold is directly proportional to the karat rate. The higher the karat rate, the higher the purity.
'Karat' represents the proportion of gold present in an alloy. It indicates the fineness of gold, which implies that the higher the karat, the more the purity of gold.
Gold holds an impeccable value in terms of quantifying one’s wealth as well as for investment. Thus, judging the quality and purity of gold is of utmost importance, both for buyers and for traders.
Primarily, the gold’s purity is determined through the Karat system that measures the same on a scale from 0 to 24. For instance, a 24 karats gold jewellery contains 100% gold. On the other hand, in a 14K gold jewellery, the percentage of gold is 58.33%, and the rest is other metal or alloy.
The gold purity can be measured both by percentage and parts per thousand. However, to convert the Karat into a percentage, one needs to divide the Karat number by 24 and then multiply it by 100.
Another easy way to determine gold’s purity is by checking the hallmark stamp on gold jewellery. This hallmark includes the authorised logo, date of manufacturing, carat weight or fineness of the gold in question. In several countries, including India, it is mandatory to sell gold jewellery with hallmark stamp.
Lastly, the traders generally use an electronic gold tester to measure the quality and purity of gold. It shows the result accurately within seconds.
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