Gold has always been one of the most significant investment options for Indians. The high liquidity of gold and its consistent value makes it a popular option for investment purposes. It also acts as a hedge against fluctuations in the market. Gold can either be pledged in the form of a gold loan or it can be sold to meet urgent financial deficits. It pays to be aware of the value of gold to prevent unscrupulous activities by the lenders or jewelers. It is not very complicated to calculate the value of the gold. The weight and the purity of the gold will have to be tested at an assaying laboratory. There are two methods to calculate the purity of the gold. It can be denoted in percentage or in karat.
When it comes to buying gold for jewellery or investment purposes, people often get confused about the purity and quality of the gold. The two most commonly confused types of gold are KDM gold and hallmark gold. KDM gold refers to the gold that is made by mixing cadmium with gold, where gold is 92% and cadmium 8%. This brings down the gold's purity level to 92%. However, of late, the production of KDM gold has stopped, due to the associated health risks. Hallmark gold is gold certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The test is conducted at the assaying centres approved by the BIS. Hallmark gold is available in four varieties:
Higher the carat, better the purity. Hence, depending on how you plan to use the gold, you may select the carat.
Gold is universally acknowledged as a valuable commodity pertaining to its unique properties, such as:
Gold is available in limited quantities. The best estimates suggest that about 197,576 tonnes of gold have been mined throughout history. In fact, if every ounce of this gold is arranged in a cube, each side of this cube will only measure about 21 metres.
The price of gold tends to rise over time. This is because its demand is exceedingly high in countries India, but the supply is limited.
Gold is a highly liquid, non-consumable asset. Additionally, this metal retains an active market at almost all times. So, individuals can easily convert their gold to cash whenever they want.
It impacts economies in terms of contribution to foreign exchange and trade balance. Furthermore, gold is used as a reserve to hedge against inflation in most free-market economies globally.
Gold holds an impeccable value in terms of quantifying one’s wealth as well as for investment. Thus, judging the quality and purity of gold is of utmost importance, both for buyers and for traders.
Primarily, the gold’s purity is determined through the Karat system that measures the same on a scale from 0 to 24. For instance, a 24 karats gold jewellery contains 100% gold. On the other hand, in a 14K gold jewellery, the percentage of gold is 58.33%, and the rest is other metal or alloy.
The gold purity can be measured both by percentage and parts per thousand. However, to convert the Karat into a percentage, one needs to divide the Karat number by 24 and then multiply it by 100.
Another easy way to determine gold’s purity is by checking the hallmark stamp on gold jewellery. This hallmark includes the authorised logo, date of manufacturing, carat weight or fineness of the gold in question. In several countries, including India, it is mandatory to sell gold jewellery with hallmark stamp.
Lastly, the traders generally use an electronic gold tester to measure the quality and purity of gold. It shows the result accurately within seconds.
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