Gold is universally acknowledged as a valuable commodity pertaining to its unique properties, such as:
Gold is available in limited quantities. The best estimates suggest that about 197,576 tonnes of gold have been mined throughout history. In fact, if every ounce of this gold is arranged in a cube, each side of this cube will only measure about 21 metres.
The price of gold tends to rise over time. This is because its demand is exceedingly high in countries India, but the supply is limited.
Gold is a highly liquid, non-consumable asset. Additionally, this metal retains an active market at almost all times. So, individuals can easily convert their gold to cash whenever they want.
It impacts economies in terms of contribution to foreign exchange and trade balance. Furthermore, gold is used as a reserve to hedge against inflation in most free-market economies globally.
QE or Quantitative Easing is a monetary policy that governments and central banks globally use to stimulate the economy. Typically, this policy comes into action when other monetary policies become ineffective.
Under QE, banks start printing and injecting money into the economy by purchasing assets. This method ultimately swells up the bank reserves and lowers the interest rates, which, in turn, increases economic activities. The recession in 2008 witnessed the application of this theory worldwide.
Central banks in major economies like the USA, Japan, and certain European countries started enforcing this system to encourage banks to lend. This economic policy shares a close relationship with the value of gold.
This relationship is inversely proportionate. It means when the injection of the paper currency increases in a system, the price of gold drops. Even though the presence of additional money in the system may seem like the gold price is increasing, the reality is quite the opposite.
When compared with other papers assets like stocks and bonds, the price of gold remains mostly similar or may go down in certain cases.
A concept to know here is Quantitative Easing Tapering. It means when central banks decide to stop printing currency, it creates a vacuum in the system. Therefore, less amount of money is chasing the same amount of gold. Consequently, the price of gold skyrockets owing to the laws of supply and demand.
“Karat” is the internationally recognized term used to denote the purity and weight of gold. Higher the Karat, better the purity of gold.
1) 24 Karat: 24 Karat gold is the purest and most expensive form of gold found in the market. Owing to it’s pliability 24-Karat gold is not usually used to make jewellery and is instead used for investment purposes, in the form of coins or bars.
2) 22 Karat: 22 Karat gold is generally used in the jewellery industry. In this type, pure gold is mixed with several alloys like zinc, nickel, or silver to make the gold harder and fit for jewellery. Generally, 22 Karat gold is 91.67% pure.
3)18 Karat: 18 Karat gold is the gold that is prepared by mixing 75% gold with 25% other alloys. 18 Karat gold is the cheapest type of gold available in the market.
Indians usually attach a lot of sentimental value to their gold. Apart from jewelry, gold s used for several other purposes such as investment, hedging, or for availing an instant loan. If you choose to pledge your gold as collateral security, you must understand how your gold is valued. Here is how you can calculate the price of your gold jewelry.
1) To ascertain the purity and quality of your gold, take it to the nearest assaying center.
2) The assaying center presents the purity of the gold in terms of Karat or as a percentage figure.
3) If you wish to calculate the value of your gold using the
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